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    2018年中考英語復習:閱讀表達(3)
    編輯:admin 時間:2018/3/8 13:18:25 來源:中學英語網

    閱讀表達

    閱讀下面的短文,根據短文內容回答問題。

         Recent years have witnessed the returning of bikes across China. An increasing number of people choose cycling instead of driving to school, to workplaces or to do sightseeing. Bike-sharing plans are warmly welcomed in many cities. Mobike had 5.85 million active users while Ofo had 1.4 million in the first week of this year.

         People can unlock the shared bikes by simply using their smartphones. All bikes have GPS and can be left anywhere in public for the next user. They’re popular among many Chinese people because they help solve “last-mile” problems in cities. For example, many people find it difficult to get to the hotel when they get off trains or to travel around the city.

         However, the plans have also led to problems such as illegal (非法的) parking, vandalism (故意破壞) and theft. In February, two nurses in Beijing were placed under administrative detention (行政拘留) for five days for putting locks on two shared bikes.

         In fact, these problems are also shared by bike-sharing plans abroad. Started in 2007, Vélib is the largest public bike sharing system in Paris. At its early period, it also met with problems of vandalism or theft. To deal with these problems, the company came up with the idea of encouraging people to return the bikes to stations by rewarding free time for their next rides.

         Now, Chinese service organizations are also trying to deal with these problems. For example, Mobike sets a 100-point credit score (信用分數) for each user, but the points will be taken because of his or her bad behavior. Once a score drops below 80, bike rental (租金) will be increased from 1 yuan to 100 yuan per 30 minutes.

    回答下面5個問題,每題答案不超過6個詞。
    1. What do many people choose to go to school or work instead of driving?
    2. How do people unlock the shared bikes?     
    3. Why are the shared bikes popular in cities? 
    4. What reward will people get if they return Vélib bikes to stations?
    5. According to Mobike, how will a rider be punished if his or her credit score drops below 80? 

    體裁:熱點話題

    【主旨大意】自通過移動互聯實現自行車共享以來,共享單車受到了人們的熱烈歡迎。短文說明了現時共享單車的受歡迎程度和使用中發生的問題,并對比巴黎共享單車的使用情況探討了解決這些問題可以采取的措施。

    1. They choose to ride bikes. / Many people choose recycling.
    【解析】句子An increasing number of people choose cycling instead of driving to school, to workplaces or to do sightseeing.提示答案為人們選擇騎自行車。
    2. By simply using their smartphones.
    【解析】句子People can unlock the shared bikes by simply using their smartphones.提示答案為人們僅僅通過智能手機即可開鎖。
    3. They help solve “last-mile”problems.
    【解析】根據第二段第三句They’re popular among many Chinese people because they help solve “last-mile” problems in cities.可知答案。
    4. Free time for next rides.
    【解析】句子…the company came up with the idea of encouraging people to return the bikes to stations by rewarding free time for their next rides.提示答案為得到下次免費騎行的時間作為獎勵。
    5.Bike rental (租金) will be increased more.
    【解析】句子提示Once a score drops below 80, bike rental (租金) will be increased from 1 yuan to 100 yuan per 30 minutes.一旦信用分數低于80,就大幅提升租金。


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