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    2017年北京中考英語真題—完形填空(含答案解析)
    編輯:admin 時間:2018/3/7 14:05:32 來源:中學英語網

    2017年北京中考英語真題—完形填空 (共15分,每小題1.5分)

    A Meaningful Gift

    Emily was an eighth grader. To pass her Civics course (公民課程), she had to do some volunteer service in a nursing home for a week.
    One Monday, Emily went to the nursing home after school. When she arrived, she was told she would ______ (31) an hour every weekday with an elderly lady, Mrs. Blair. She was then led into a room, where an old lady in a flowery dress was sitting on a sofa.
    Emily ______ (32) awkwardly (別扭地) in front of the lady. She cleared her throat and said, “Good afternoon. I’m Emily.”
    “Good afternoon, Emily. Take a seat, please.” Mrs. Blair replied.
    Then, ______ (33) filled the space between them. Emily wondered what to say.
    “Tell me about yourself, Emily,” Mrs. Blair said suddenly.
    “Well,” Emily started, “I don’t have any grandparents, so I can’t relate to elderly people much. I love the performing arts. I’m here mainly because I have to ______ (34) here to get a good grade for my Civics class.”
    Mrs. Blair didn’t seem to ______ (35). “Many people, especially teens, don’t seem to care about old people like me. Now you’re here, and I’m going to change that about you. Ask me anything.”
    Emily thought for moment, and finally decided, “What was your job?”
    “I was a Broadway star in the 1950s.” Mrs. Blair answered.
    “Cool! Can you tell me about it?” Emily asked, amazed.
    Mrs. Blair smiled. “Back then, only the lead actress had the honor to wear a ______ (36) bracelet. I was the lead in almost all of the plays, so I always wore the bracelet. Till this day, I still have it.”
    Emily smiled along with Mrs. Blair and listened to the other stories, attentively. She had become so interested in Mrs. Blair’s ______ (37) that she decided to come earlier the next day.
    Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday passed by quickly. Then came Friday. As she was leaving, Emily was really ______ (38) to say goodbye.
    “Don’t be sad. You can still visit me,” Mrs. Blair comforted her. She then handed a small box to Emily, “It’s my gift to you.”
    Emily ______ (39) opened the box and was surprised to see what was inside. “It’s the bracelet that you wore. Thank you!” Emily said, with tears in her eyes. “I’m sure to visit you whenever I’m free.”
    On her way home, Emily thought of her own love for the performing arts. She touched the bracelet and made a ______ (40) that she would keep her word to Mrs. Blair.

    【解析】

    31. A. wasteB. spend C. planD. exercise
    【正確答案】B
    【解題思路】本題考查動詞。前文提到,當Emily到達的時候,她得知每天都要和Mrs. Blair ______ 一個小時。選項A譯為“浪費”;選項B譯為“花費、度過”;選項C譯為“計劃”;選項D譯為“練習、鍛煉”。根據文章語境判斷,故正確答案為選項B。
    32. A. asked B. sat C. stood D. danced
    【正確答案】C
    【解題思路】本題考查動詞。前文提到Emily進入房間,并且在下文中提到Mrs. Blair讓Emily坐下。選項A譯為“提問”;選項B譯為“坐下”;選項C譯為“站立”;選項D譯為“跳舞”。根據文章語境判斷,故正確答案為選項C。
    33. A. warmthB. sadnessC. happinessD. silence
    【正確答案】D
    【解題思路】本題考查名詞。后文提到,Emily不知道該說些什么。選項A譯為“溫暖”;選項B譯為“悲傷”;選項C譯為“幸福、快樂”;選項D譯為“安靜、沉默”。結合文章語境判斷,故正確答案為選項D。
    34. A. studyB. liveC. volunteerD. play
    【正確答案】C
    【解題思路】本題考查動詞。文章第一段提到,為了通過公民課程,Emily需要做一周的志愿服務。選項A譯為“學習”;選項B譯為“居住、實現”;選項C譯為“自愿做……”;選項D譯為“玩耍”。根據文章語境判斷,故正確答案為選項C。
    35. A. mindB. fearC. insistD. regret
    【正確答案】A
    【解題思路】本題考查動詞。前文提到Emily參加志愿者服務的目的是為了在公民課程中獲得高分;后文提到,Mrs. Blair說很多人都不在意老年人的生活,她想改變Emily的這種做法,因此Mrs. Blair不介意Emily得高分的想法。選項A譯為“介意、在乎”;選項B譯為“害怕”;選項C譯為“堅持”;選項D譯為“后悔、遺憾”。根據文章語境判斷,故正確答案為選項A。
    36. A. strangeB. specialC. commonD. private
    【正確答案】B
    【解題思路】本題考查形容詞。根據下文“只有像Mrs. Blair這樣作為主角,才有幸佩戴這個手鏈”可知這條手鏈很特別。選項A譯為“奇怪的”;選項B譯為“特別的”;選項C譯為“普通的”;選項D譯為“私人的”。故正確答案為選項B。
    37. A. dreams B. hobbies C. stories D. jokes
    【正確答案】C
    【解題思路】本題考查名詞。該句譯為“她變得對Mrs. Blair的______ 感興趣,以至于她決定第二天早點來。”根據上文,Emily微笑著聽Mrs. Blair講其他的故事,聯系上下文判斷,此處填入的名詞應該和“故事”有關。選項A譯為“夢想”;選項B譯為“愛好”;選項C譯為“故事”;選項D譯為“玩笑”。故正確答案為選項C。
    38. A. upset B. confused C. surprised D. nervous
    【正確答案】A
    【解題思路】本題考查形容詞。該句譯為“當她要離開的時候,她真的很______ 去說再見。”選項A譯為“難過的”;選項B譯為“困惑的”;選項C譯為“驚訝的”;選項D譯為“緊張的”。結合語境和感情色彩分析,Emily此刻的心情應該是“難過的”。故正確答案為選項A。
    39. A. proudly B. secretly C. worriedly D. carefully
    【正確答案】D
    【解題思路】本題考查副詞。該句譯為“Emily ______ 打開盒子,看到里面的禮物很驚訝。”選項A譯為“驕傲地、自豪地”;選項B譯為“秘密地”;選項C譯為“擔憂地”;選項D譯為“小心翼翼地”。根據語境判斷出Emily很看重Mrs. Blair送給她的禮物,故正確答案為選項D。
    40. A. promise B. change C. judgment D. choice
    【正確答案】A
    【解題思路】本題考查名詞。該句譯為“她撫摸著項鏈,做出了一個她會對Mrs. Blair遵守諾言的______”。選項A譯為“承諾”;選項B譯為“改變”;選項C譯為“判斷”;選項D譯為“選擇”,根據that引導的從句得知她是要遵守承諾,故正確答案為選項A。


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