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    牛津高中英語Module 10 重點句型講解
    編輯:admin 時間:2015/12/7 11:55:09 來源:中學英語網

    1. In trying to fight worldwide hunger, the United Nations set up the World Food Programme (WFP) in 1963. 為了抗擊世界各地的饑荒,聯合國于1963年成立了世界糧食計劃署。
    【考點】 set up的用法。
    【點撥】 此句中set up為“建立,創立 ”之意。如:
      I have heard that they will set up a medical team to treat this kind of disease.
      Our university was set up fifty years ago.
    【拓展】 set up還有“豎立;張貼” 之意。如:
      The hero’s statue will be set up in the front of the square.
      He is setting up a notice on the wall.
    【考例】
          For all these years I have been working for others. I’m hoping I’ll _______ my own business someday.
      A. turn up     B. fix up     C. set up      D.make up 
    簡析:C。由主語和賓語之間的邏輯關系可推出該空表示“創立”,因此應填set up。

    2. However, these small victories are a good start towards a better future because they are not the result of giving a man a single fish so that he can eat for a day.
     然而,這些小勝利是通向更美好前途的開始,因為它們不是給人一條魚讓他吃一天的結果。
    【考點】 so that的用法。
    【點撥】 so that“以便”,引導目的狀語從句,此時so that前面通常沒有逗號,后面常有can, could等情態動詞。如:
      He saved every cent so that he could buy a new bike.
      He climbed to the top of the tower so that he could see farther.
    【拓展】 so that還可表示“結果”,引導結果狀語從句,此時前面多有逗號,后面通常沒有can, could等情態動詞。如:
      The girl studied very hard, so that she passed the exam.
    【考例】
      I’d like to arrive 20 minutes early _______ I can have time for a cup of tea.
      A. as soon as  B. as a result  C. in case  D. so that  
    簡析:D。so that引導目的狀語從句。

    3. Angela, 21, adds,“ I' d love to stay in the community where I grew up, but there are no career opportunities there...”
    21歲的安吉拉補充說:“我愿意呆在我長大的社區,但那里沒有就業機會……”
    【考點】 where的用法。
    【點撥】 where為關系副詞,引導定語從句。如:
    This is the school where my youngest sister studies.
    【拓展】 where還可引導狀語從句、主語從句、表語從句和賓語從句。如:  
          My home lies where a small river flows.
      Where he stays at present is still a secret.
      I really don’t know where she has gone.
          My question is where you will spend your holidays.
    【考例】
      The village has developed a lot _______ we learned farming two years ago.
      A. when   B. which    C. that     D. where 
    簡析:D。由語境邏輯可以推出這個村子是我們兩年前學習農業技術的地方,它發展得很快,因此該空應填where引導定語從句。

    4. By studying sociology, we can identify important factors such as education that help make people more successful within a society.
    通過研究社會學,我們可以確定一些重要因素,例如對于人們在社會上取得更大成功有幫助的教育。
    【考點】 by的用法。
    【點撥】 by為介詞,“靠、用”,表示方法或手段,后接名詞、代詞、動名詞。如:
          He learned the language by books.
      He entered the room by jumping through the windows.
    【拓展】 by還可表示增減幅度,后面常接分數、百分數或具體數字;
      by the time “到……為止”,引導時間狀語從句。當主句為一般將來時時,從句用一般現在時表示一般將來時。如:
      Has the cotton output of this year increased by 10%?
      I’m taller than her by a head.
      By the time I graduate from middle school I will be eighteen.
    【考例】
          Luckily, the bullet narrowly missed the captain _______ an inch.
      A. by  B. at     C. a   D. one
    簡析:A。該空強調誤差幅度,因此應填by。

    5. This worked for some time until it became known that most of the Roma were not actually pilgrims, which further hurt their reputation in Europe.
    有一段時間這么做還真管用,直到后來人們都知道多數羅姆人實際上不是朝圣者,這一點進一步損害了他們在歐洲的聲譽。
    【考點】 until的用法。
    【點撥】 句中until 為連詞,用于肯定句時,表明動作或狀態一直延續到until所表示的時間為止才宣告結束,其謂語動詞須為延續性動詞。如:
      We worked in the field until night fell.
      We waited until it stopped raining.
    【拓展】 連詞until用于否定句時,表明動作或狀態一直到until所表示的時間為止才開始發生,其謂語動詞須為終止性動詞。如:
      He didn’t turn back until the guest was out of sight.
    【考例】
          It is difficult for us to learn a lesson in life _______ we’ve actually had that lesson.
          A. until   B. after      C. since        D. when
    簡析:A。由語境邏輯可知,人的一生難以吸取教訓的狀態一直延續到真正有了教訓,該空應填until引導時間狀語從句。


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