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    高中英語語法復習:抽象名詞具體化精析
    編輯:admin 時間:2021/6/1 13:59:58 來源:中學英語網

    1. attraction (U)吸引,吸引力; 有吸引力的人或事物
          The idea of traveling to the moon has little attraction for me.
          到月球上旅行的想法對我沒有什么吸引力.
          The city's bright lights, theatres, and movies are great attractions.
          城里明亮的燈、戲院、電影等有巨大的吸引力.
          One of the main attractions of the job is the high salary.
          這份工作最吸引人的是薪水高.

    2. beauty 美,美麗;美麗的人或事物
          She was a famous beauty in her youth.
          她年輕時是個有名的美人.
          That new car is an absolute beauty.
          那輛新車漂亮極了.

    3. comfort 安慰,慰藉,寬恕;令人感到安慰的人或事物
          The news brought comfort to all of us.
          這消息給我們大家帶來了安慰.
          His husband was a great comfort to her when she was ill.
          她生病時,她丈夫對她是個極大的安慰.

    4. danger 危險,風險; 危險的人,危險因素
          Children's lives are in danger every time they cross this road.
          孩子們每次過這條馬路都面臨著生命危險.
          out of danger 脫離危險
          Police said the man was a danger to the public. 
          警方說這個男子對公眾是個危險分子.
          How does nature form a danger to people in the world.
          自然現象是如何對全球人類造成威脅的。

    5. death死,死亡;死亡的人
          Air pollution alone causes about three million deaths every year.
          僅空氣污染就造成了每年近三百萬人死亡.
          If the hurricane had happened during the daytime, there would have been many more deaths.
          若颶風發生在白天,那么死亡的人會多的多.

    6. delight 高興,愉快,快樂;令人高興的事,樂事,樂趣
          To our great delight, the day turned out fine.
          我們感到高興的是天氣轉晴了.
          The guitar is a delight to play.
          彈吉他是件很愜意的事.
          Her singing is a delight.
          她的歌聲使人快樂.

    7. difficulty困難,艱難,難度,困難性;難做,難懂,難應付的事,難事,難點,難題
          She got the door open with difficulty.
          她艱難地把門打開了.
          I had the great difficulty in persuading her.
          我為了說服她,費了好大的勁兒.
          He wants to marry her, but his parents are making difficulties.
          他想娶她,但他父母從中阻撓.
          She met with many difficulties when traveling.
          她在旅行時遇到了許多傷腦筋的事.

    8. experience經驗;經歷,體驗
          Do you have any previous experience of this kind of work?
          你以前做過這種工作嗎?
          Valuable experience 寶貴的經驗
          He hand many interesting experiences while traveling in Africa.

    9. failure 失敗; 失敗的人湖事物
          The success or failure of the plan depends on you.
          這項計劃的成敗取決于你.
          Failure in one examination should not stop you trying again.
          一次考試不及格不應該防礙你再試一次.
          The whole thing was a complete failure. 
          整個事情徹底失敗了.
          She was a failure as a teacher.
          她當教師并不成功.

    10. help 幫助;有幫助的人或事物
           A tape-recorder or a mp3 is a great help for you to learn English.
           錄音機或mp3對你學英語幫助很大.
           I am a good help to my mother at home. 
           我在家里是媽媽的好幫手.

    11. honour 榮幸,榮譽;給某人/某事增光的人或事物
          我們為祖國的榮譽而戰.
          We fought for the honour of our country.
          參加這次大會我感到很榮幸.
          It is a great honour for me to be present at the conference.

    12. joy 高興,愉快,喜悅;令人高興的人或事,樂事,樂趣
          jump with joy高興得跳起來
          The game was a joy to watch.
          看這場比賽真是開心.
          He is a great joy to listen to.
          他這個人,聽他講話就是極大的樂趣.

    13. kindness 親切,和藹,仁慈,好意;友好或仁慈,體貼的舉動,好心的表現或行為
          她對孩子和動物總是很溫柔.
          She always shows kindness to children and animals.
          他做那件事純粹出于好意,并非為錢.
          He did it entirely out of kindness, not for money.
          他病得很厲害,去探望他就是對他的極大懷.
          It would be a great kindness to see him while he is so ill.

    14. pity 憐憫,同情;可惜的事,遺憾的事
          feel pity for 對...同情 out of pity出于同情
          我們今天出去游玩天氣不好,真遺憾.
          It's a pity the weather is not good for our outing today.
          你今晚不能和我們一起去看戲,真可惜.
          It's a pity that you can't go to the theatre with us tonight.

    15. pleasure 高興,快樂,愉快;樂事,趣事
          take (a) pleasure in 以...為樂
          with pleasure 愉快地,高興地
          It is my pleasure. 我樂意做的事情.
          It is a pleasure to work with you. 
          跟你一起工作是一件令人高興的事情.
          It has been a pleasure meeting you.
          認識你是十分高興的事.
          She has few pleasures left in life.
          她的生活中已沒有什么樂趣了.

    16. satisfaction 滿足,滿意;令人滿足或帶來樂趣的事情
          with satisfaction滿意地
          Playing the piano was one of his greatest satisfactions.
          彈鋼琴是他的最大樂趣之一.
          It is a great satisfaction to know that he has arrived home safely.
          知道他已經平安到家,我感到十分高興.

    17. shame 羞恥,羞愧,慚愧;遺憾的事,可恥的人或事物
          他對自己所做的事情不感到羞愧.
          He felt no shame for what he had done.
          欺騙這位老人真是太可恥了.
          It is a shame to deceive the old man.
          假期里下那么多雨,真是太遺憾了.
          What a shame that it rained so much during the vocation.

    18. success 成功,成名;成功的人或事物
          He's proud of his daughter's successes.
          他為女兒的種種成就感到自豪.
          Of his experiments, three were successes and one was a failure.
          在他的實驗中,有三個成功,一個失敗.

    19. surprise 驚奇,令人驚奇的事或消息,意想不到或突然的事
          in surprise吃驚地
          Her letter came as a complete surprise.
          萬萬沒想到會收到她的信.

    20. trouble 困難,苦惱,痛苦;麻煩事,困難事,負擔
          She's had so many troubles that she looks fifty, although she's only thirty.
          使她苦惱的事情太多,雖然她只有三十歲,看上去卻像五十歲了.
          She has always been a great trouble to her father and mother.
          她一直是她父母的一塊心病.
    21. wonder驚奇,驚訝,驚異,驚嘆,驚愕;令人感到驚奇的事情,奇跡, 奇觀
          in/with wonder 驚奇地 no wonder 毫不奇怪
          長城是世界奇跡之一.
          The Great Wall is one of the wonders of the world.

    22. worry 擔心,擔憂,憂愁;煩惱事,令人擔憂的
         Her face showed signs of worry. 
          她臉上顯出擔憂的神情.
          My father has a lot of worries.
          我父親有許多煩惱.
          Forget your worries and enjoy yourself!
          忘記那些愁事,盡情享樂吧!

    23. sight [U]視力,視覺 [C]情景,景象 
          Out of sight, out of mind.
          眼不見,心不想;去者日以疏;離久情疏。
          I cannot endure the sight.
          我不能容忍這種情景。
          It was a touching sight.
          這是一幅動人景象。
          It was a magnificent sight.
          一路景色真美。
    24. knowledge [U]知識 [C](一門)學問
          Knowledge begin with practice. 認識從實踐開始。
          Knowledge is no burden.
          藝不壓身。
          Knowledge is power.-- Bacon
          知識就是力量。--培根
          I want an assistant with a knowledge of English and experience of office routine.
          我需要一名懂英語和具有例行公事經驗的助手。
          He has only a theoretical knowledge of the language.
          他只有這種語言的理論知識。

    25. room [U]空間 [C]房間
          There's no room for this piano.
          房間里沒地方放這架鋼琴了。
          Stay with us for several days. We have 20 rooms in the village.
          過來和我們住一段時間吧。我們在村里有20間房子。

    26. atmosphere [U]大氣 [C]氣氛
          The atmosphere encompass the earth.大氣包圍著地球。
          It has a nostalgic atmosphere. 這兒有一種懷舊的氣氛。
          I like the atmosphere here. 我喜歡這兒的氣氛。

    27. fortune [U]運氣;機會 [C]財產,財富
          Fortune Fools have fortune. [諺]傻人有傻福。
          Roll up a huge fortune. 積聚起大筆財產
          He cleaned up a small fortune. 他發了一筆小財.
          He dreamed of making a fortune. 他夢想發大財。
          He made a fortune in oil. 他做石油生意賺了一大筆錢。


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